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西方酒文化发展史1

admin 2020-05-10 12:16:56 浏览量

寻 中西方酒文化差异 相关的文献资料

China'swineculturehas5000yearsofhistory,hasalonghistoryofwineinourwineculture,thedevelopmentoflong-termprocess,makingmanyasthe"ShenPin"'Qiongjiang"winetreasures.IamtheprincipalofLiquorcomparisonofChineseandWesternculture,andfocusonunderstandingthecultureofwineinChinahistoryofthedevelopment.

Ithinkinadifferentculturalbackgroundanddifferentwalksoflife,differentpeople,andevendifferentframeofmindwhichwastounderstandtheextentofdifferentways.ForChineseandWesternculture,adifferentunderstandingofwine,thekeyistomakethebestwineculturedevelopment,betterforourservices,whichrequiretheintegrationofChineseandWesternculturesofwine.Today,theWest'swineculturetoalargeextent,theimpactofChina'swineculture,particularlyinthetastingthemoodintheWesttendtobemore,canhopetomakemoreWesternerstounderstandChina'sfinetraditionofwineculture.

TalkingaboutChina'sfinetraditionofwineculture,wineandpoetryhadmentionedthecloserelationshipbetweenthepoetryofwineisgivenanewinterpretationofthesourceoforiginsothatthecultureofwineinalong,andisdeeplyrooted.FromancienttimespeopledonotknowthenumberofJieJiuliteratiinktowriteagoodpoempasseddownuntiltoday,toexpresshisorhiorbadfeelings,alotofpeopledescribethebeautyaway.Suchas:"grapewineRemanbar"scenery,"Doujiu100poems,"thepassion,"Jiejiuxiaochouworryevenmoreunhappy"analogy,"Whenthewinesong,geometryoflife?"Freeandeasy,"DonotmakeJinzunAir-to-month"spirit,"酒逢知己千杯少"thejoyof"non-intoxicatingliquordrunkpeoplefrom"conception,"ulteriormotives"oftheMiaoYu,"livefortoday"noalternative,"YaoZhiHengFaChuenshepherdboy"sad,"hand-crispred,yellowwinetieup"suffering"Yizuifangxiu"happy,aswell,"ZhuJiuge"Bold,"TheDivineComedywine,"therough......

Liquorheroeswerealsogiventotheextraordinaryfeat,giventhestrongculturalflavoroflife,CaoCaoQuizcookingwine,toasttheinvitationofLiBai'smoon,burningthemidnightoiltoseeZuiliXinJian,SuaskedtheLiquorbluesky,LiQingzhaosleepofcourse,verystrongresidualliquor,HuangFeideterminedtoswig(SouthernSongDynastyintheearlyyearsofanti-goldstar,andYueFeiwasdrinkingtoomuchatfault,EmperorZhaoGouandhismotherhavelethimquitdrinking,helistenedtotheadviceimmediatelybrokenwineHowever,hehasmadeunderthevows:"HuangZhiDaoHouse(thecapitaloftheJin),andthosewhoswigears!"Inwhich"thosewhoswigandears"Heroisfullofpride.),Infact,nomatterBeixi,thosewhodrinkInthewineinthepursuitoflifeisfreedom,forgetthelifeanddeathforwhomthehonoreasily,inthewineitselftobeareal,Ithinkthisiswhatmostpeopleunderstandtheessenceofthespiritofwineinit!

InEurope,especiallyinthewineandromancetothatofFrance,drinkwhatkindofwinesampleswithwhatthewineglass,istheYidingzhigui.GeneralwithacompletesetofwineshouldincludeaJiuzun,asetofglass,asetofredwine,asetofchampagneglasses,awhitewinecup,aliquorglasses.Intheglassonthetablearealsoplacedspecialattention.Fromlefttoright,thelargestnumberinthecupontheleftside,thesmallestnumberintherightsideofthecup.SofarthemostpopularEuropeanwineisstillvisiblepurecrystalcup.EachofthedifferentcupmouthandbodyshapeoftheCup,CupofdifferentthicknessanddifferentdesignsanddifferentfloriationfamilyofCrystalCup,seemedtorepresentabeautifulfeeling.

Chinainthetable,weusuallydrinkthewineofbeer,suchasHapi,Qingdaobeer,beerandsoonsnow,orwhitewine,suchasMaotai,Wuliangye,BeijingWotouII,andsoon.IntheUnitedStates,alotofpeoplewhodrinkbeer.However,IseeveryfewAmericanshaveadirecthighconcentrationsoffinedrinkingwine,andthisisverydifferentfromChina.Also,IseeveryfewAmericansareonthetableinatoasteachother,weusuallydrinkallofthe.Onlyincertainoccasions,wewilltoasttogether.Thistimeisusuallyinapersonafterthespeech,wecrossatoast,apersonwishingforapersonsomethingtocelebrate.Thinkcarefully,canbefound:theChinesepeoplearedrinkingseriously,andlookwhodrinktodrinkistheatmosphere;intheWestattachesgreatimportancetodrinkwine,dependsonwhatwinetodrink,itisnecessarytothefullenjoymentofwineThedelicious.

China'sceremonialdrinkingofalcoholreflectstherespectforhumanbeings.Mastersoftheguestshaveafixedseat,haveafixedorderoftoast.WhenatoastfromthebeginningofthemasterKing,ownerofdisrespectEnd,isnoteligibleforotherpeople'srespect,iftheorderofthechaostodeservetobepunished.AndatoastfromsomeofthemostdistinguishedguestsbegantoKing,atoasttowinefulltime,thatthetoastwasalsoarespectforhumanbeings.Theyoungergenerationofelders,theloweratoasttothehigherauthoritiestotaketheinitiativetoproposeatoast,butalsopayattentiontothefirstKingtodo.TheHangJiuling,HuaQuan,suchasdrinkingetiquette,butalsotoallowpeopletodrinkmorealcoholandenjoythecameintobeing.ItisclearthattheChinesewineculturebyyoungandoldhierarchyoftraditionalChineseculture,ethics,inthecourseofdrinkingalcoholontherespectforhumanbeingsonthemostimportantposition.TheritualsofwinedrinkingintheWest,reflecttherespectforalcohol.Kamgoodstowineandwatchtheircolor,smelltheirfragrance,flavoroftheirproducts,tomobilizeallkindsofsensoryenjoymentofwine.Goodsinordertodrink,payattentiontodrinkwhitewineafterdrinkingredwine,thefirstproductsoflightandthenliquorproductsoftherichwine,todrinkyoungwinetodrinkinthelongyearsofwine,inaccordancewiththelawsoftastechangesgraduallyandin-depthEnjoythetasteofwine.Thewine'schoice,butalsoaroundhowtofightthefullenjoymentofthosewhodrinkwinetotherequirementsofchoice.AromaCuptogethersothatthetulip-mouthgoblet,sofullofwine-Shustartofthewinedecanter,aswellastomasterthetemperatureofwineanddrinkproductsspeciallydesignedforthethermometer,allintheWestreflectontherespectforalcohol,andtheirCeremonialdrinking,drinkingcultureisbettertoappreciatethedelicioushavebeenmade.

InChina,wineisoftenusedasatool,theso-calledulteriormotives.Qingmeizhujiuastodemonstratewhoisahero;CupMoJiangJinjiustopinordertoeliminateforeverthesameandSeoulworry;bambooPoetsoftheSevenSages,inordertoJiejiuasylum.WineintheeyesoftheChinesepeoplemoreasacommunicationtoolinChina'swinecultureofwinefortheirownlackofscientificandsystematicanalysisandevaluation,butalsoaboutdrinkingafterhebroughtawonderfulrole.IntheWest,oftendrinkingpurposeisverysimple,inordertoenjoythewineandalcohol,inordertoenjoythewineandalcohol.Ofcourse,wineintheWestalsohasthefunctionofcommunication,butit'smorepursuingishowmuchoftheflavorofwinetoenjoy.

ComparisonofwinecultureintheWest,canbefound,thedifferencebetweenthecultureofwineisactuallyawayofthinkingintheWestdifferences.

WhetherChinaistheboozeortheWesttasting,wineculturecanallhopethatthenexttimearelativelymoreandbetterwine,wineculturecanbedevelopedandinheritance,sothatmorepeopleunderstandthecultureofwine,Enjoythewineculture!

中译:

中国的酒文化有着5000多年的历史,悠久的酿酒历史使我国酒文化在长期的发展过程中,酿造出许多被誉为“神品”、‘琼浆”的酒类珍品。我这次主要对中西酒文化进行比较,并侧重理解中国酒文化的发展历史。

我觉得一种文化在不同的时代背景,不同的阶层,不同的人们,甚至不同的心情当中被理解的程度,方式也不同。对于中西酒文化的不同理解,关键在于能够使酒文化得到最充分的发展,更好的为我们服务,这就需要中西酒文化相互融合。如今,西方的酒文化很大程度上影响了中国酒文化,尤其在品酒的意境方面更趋向于西方,希望也可以使更多的西方人了解中国酒文化的优良传统。

说到中国酒文化的优良传统,就不得不提到酒与诗的密切关系,诗赋予酒的是全新的诠释,使酒文化源源流长,根深叶茂。从古至今不知多少文人墨士借酒写出流传至今的好诗篇,抒发了自己或喜或忧的感情,描绘了很多让人流连忘返的美景。如:“葡萄美酒夜光杯”的景色,“斗酒诗百篇”的激情,“借酒消愁愁更愁”的比喻,“对酒当歌,人生几何?”的洒脱,“莫使金樽空对月”的气概,“酒逢知己千杯少”的喜悦,“酒不醉人人自醉”的意境,“醉翁之意不在酒”的妙喻,“今朝有酒今朝醉”的无奈,“牧童遥指杏花村”的悲伤,“红酥手,黄縢酒”的苦痛,“一醉方休”的痛快,还有《祝酒歌》的豪放,《酒神曲》的粗犷……

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